The indigenous peoples, in an exploitation based social, economic and political environment, irrespective of time and space, have been the target of “unpeopling”. Why and how does this mechanism work? Is there any way-out of the “political economy of unpeopling”? Is it possible to fight this ‘political economy of injustice’ and ‘win the battle’? These are the key issues dealt with in this book. The author has come up with new concepts; forwarded thought provoking new ideas, new analyses, and courageously raises hard issues. Author, in his enduring effort, finally, proposes non-traditional solutions, which are extremistanic. This is, in all probability, a prescribable book for all humane development thinkers.